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Income

How the Census approaches the topic of income.

Overview

There are many American Community Survey tables which provide information on the income of people living in the United States. Even for releases of data collected over three or five years, income data is reported in inflation-adjusted dollars for the release year.

Most income data is reported at the household level, but there are tables which are focused on family households, as well as some which report on individual income. There are also some tables which are particularly applicable to understanding income inequality, including one, B19083 which provides the Gini index for a place as its only column.

Income is reported in a number of ways: as a median value, or as a series of medians for groups within a total population; as a number of people or households earning in a certain bracket; as well as a few other structures.

Median Income

Median incomes are reported by household, with subsets for only family households and also for nonfamily households. One table, B19326 reports median income for individuals by sex.

For all of these tables, income refers to income for "the last 12 months" prior to the survey response.

Code Title
B19013 Median Household Income
B19019 Median Household Income by Household Size
B19049 Median Household Income by Age of Householder
B19113 Median Family Income
B19119 Median Family Income by Family Size
B19121 Median Family Income by Number of Earners in Family
B19125 Median Family Income by Presence of Own Children Under 18 Years
B19126 Median Family Income by Family Type by Presence of Own Children Under 18 Years
B19202 Median Nonfamily Household Income
B19215 Median Nonfamily Household Income by Sex of Householder by Living Alone by Age of Householder
B19326 Median Income by Sex by Work Experience in the Past 12 Months for the Population 15 Years and Over With Income
Also available in racial iterations.

Aggregate income

The various aggregate income tables provide the total amount of income, as well as broken down by income type, for the summary geography.

Table B19313 aggregates all income in the geography, which will produce a number somewhat higher than B19025 because it includes people who live in "group quarters."

Table B19301, "Per Capita income", is simply the value for B19313 "Aggregate Income" divided by the total population estimate for the summary geography. This statistic is more or less the 'average' income. Note the potential for misunderstanding: A) the aggregate income is divided among all people, not only those who actually had income, and B) as with any average, outliers (very big earners) can have a disproportionate effect on resulting figure.

For all of these tables, income refers to income for "the last 12 months" prior to the survey response.

Code Title
B19025 Aggregate Household Income
B19050 Aggregate Household Income by Age of Householder
B19061 Aggregate Earnings for Households
B19062 Aggregate Wage or Salary Income for Households
B19063 Aggregate Self-employment Income for Households
B19064 Aggregate Interest, Dividends, or Net Rental Income for Households
B19065 Aggregate Social Security Income for Households
B19066 Aggregate Supplemental Security Income (SSI) for Households
B19067 Aggregate Public Assistance Income for Households
B19069 Aggregate Retirement Income for Households
B19070 Aggregate Other Types of Income for Households
B19127 Aggregate Family Income
B19128 Aggregate Family Income by Family Type by Presence of Own Children Under 18 Years
B19129 Aggregate Family Income by Number of Workers in Family
B19130 Aggregate Family Income by Family Type by Age of Householder
B19214 Aggregate Nonfamily Household Income
B19216 Aggregate Nonfamily Household Income by Sex of Householder by Living Alone by Age of Householder
B19301 Per Capita Income
B19313 Aggregate Income
Also available in racial iterations.